8 Factors to Consider When Choosing Ball Valves For Your Business

8 Factors to Consider When Choosing Ball Valves For Your Business

If your business has integrations of piping systems, you already know how crucial ball valves are for overall efficiency. 

Ball valves come in different sizes and varieties, such as 1-piece or 2-piece ball valves. Different types of valves have different specifications and functions in industries. In addition to size, these valves differ in materials. 

So, how do you know which ball valves you should opt for? If you choose a piece that does not suit the working environment of your industry, there can be severe consequences for production. 

We sense a hint of worry! But worry not; here we are to ensure you find a ball valve that meets the specific requirements of your industry. 

With this, let us take a look at 8 factors that you must consider before choosing ball valves: 

1. Material Composition

The material of the ball valve significantly affects its durability, corrosion resistance, and suitability for specific applications. 

Common materials include stainless steel, brass, bronze, and PVC. Stainless steel valves are ideal for high-pressure and high-temperature applications, while brass and bronze are suitable for lower-pressure systems and general use. 

PVC or 2-stainless steel ball valves are excellent for corrosive environments and are often used in chemical processing. 

2. Valve Type and Design

Ball valves come in various types and designs, including floating ball, trunnion-mounted, top-entry, and side-entry. 

Floating ball valves are commonly used for smaller sizes and lower-pressure applications, providing a tight seal. Trunnion-mounted ball valves are better for larger sizes and higher pressures, offering enhanced stability and reduced operating torque. 

Choosing between top-entry and side-entry designs depends on maintenance preferences and installation constraints. 

3. Pressure and Temperature Ratings

Understanding the pressure and temperature ratings of the ball valve is critical to ensure it can withstand the operating conditions of your system. 

Each valve has a maximum pressure and temperature rating, which must align with your application’s requirements. Overloading a valve beyond its rated capacity can lead to failures and safety hazards.

4. Valve Sizing and Flow Requirements

Accurate valve sizing is essential for optimal performance. 

The valve size should match the pipeline’s diameter to maintain proper flow rates and minimize pressure drops. Additionally, consider the valve’s flow coefficient (Cv), which indicates its capacity to pass fluid. 

Choosing a valve with an appropriate Cv ensures efficient flow control and reduces the risk of cavitation and turbulence.

5. End Connections

Ball valves have various end connections, such as threaded, flanged, and welded. The choice of end connection depends on your system’s requirements and installation preferences. 

Threaded connections are easy to install and remove but may not be suitable for high-pressure applications. 

Flanged connections provide a robust and secure seal, making them ideal for larger, high-pressure systems. Welded connections offer a permanent and leak-proof solution but require professional installation.

6. Actuation Method

Consider the actuation method for operating the ball valve. Manual valves (like 2-piece full port ball valves), operated by a handle or lever, are suitable for applications requiring infrequent operation. 

Automated valves, operated by electric, pneumatic, or hydraulic actuators, are ideal for systems that require precise control, remote operation, or integration with control systems. The choice depends on your application’s level of automation and control.

7. Standards and Certifications

Ensure that the ball valves you choose comply with industry standards and certifications relevant to your application. 

Common standards include ANSI, ASME, API, and ISO. Compliance with these standards guarantees that the valves meet specific quality, safety, and performance criteria. 

8. Maintenance and Serviceability

Ease of maintenance and serviceability is an important consideration, especially for systems that require frequent inspections and repairs. 

Valves with a top-entry design allow easy access to internal components without removing the valve from the pipeline. 

Consider the availability of spare parts and the manufacturer’s support services to ensure long-term reliability and minimal downtime.


Selecting the right ball valves for your business involves carefully considering various factors, including material composition, valve type, pressure and temperature ratings, sizing, end connections, actuation method, standards, and maintenance requirements. 

By thoroughly evaluating these aspects, you can ensure that the ball valves you choose will meet your operational needs, provide reliable performance, and contribute to your system’s overall efficiency and safety. 

Making informed decisions is crucial for your business operations’ long-term success and sustainability.

For further insights on this topic, explore more blogs at flowactivo.org.